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Interventional Cardiology

Interventional CardiologyAlmater Hospital Cardiology Services

Almater Hospital offers a wide range of cardiology services. The Almater cardiac department receives many patients from the U.S, Canada and the rest of the world seeking cardiac surgery with the same quality standards they get at home but at affordable prices. Cardiology has many areas of specialization. One of the branches of cardiology that Almater Hospital offers is interventional cardiology.

What is Interventional Cardiology?

Interventional cardiology is the branch of cardiology that specializes in the use of catheters in order to treat heart conditions. It developed as a separate branch of cardiology with the development of angioplasty by Andreas Gruentzig, who is now considered the father of interventional cardiology.

In order to understand the importance of interventional cardiology, there are two concepts that have to be understood first: atherosclerosis and angioplasty.


Atherosclerosis is a cardiac condition in which the walls of an artery tend to become thicker than normal because of a buildup on the walls. Eventually, this may block the natural flow of blood. Atherosclerosis may become dangerous and can even cause sudden cardiac death.

There are many factors that can increase the risk of atherosclerosis, both causes that can be modified and those that cannot. Among the modifiable causes are smoking, diet, lack of exercise and the consumption of highly processed food.

In the medical community, atherosclerosis is also known as arteriosclerotic vascular disease or ASVD.


Angioplasty was the first type of interventional cardiac surgery. It was developed to correct the blockage of arteries, typically by atherosclerosis.

While angioplasty, like all cardiac surgeries, requires skill to perform, in principle it is very simple. Angioplasty involves inserting a type of balloon on a wire, called a balloon catheter, inside the blocked artery, then inflating it with water pressure. As it inflates, the balloon exerts pressure against the artery walls and forces them to expand, increasing the flow of blood back to its natural state. The balloon is then deflated and removed. Sometimes a stent (a mesh tube) is left in the place of the balloon in order to insure that the artery remains open.

Interventional Cardiology Today

There have been many advances in interventional cardiology since angioplasty was first developed. For example, it’s common now to use interventional radiology (image-guided procedures) during surgery in order to treat several heart conditions. This makes cardiac surgery and post-surgery recovery easier by controlling factors like the level of pain and bleeding.

Some of the common practices of interventional cardiology today are:

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Of course, at Almater Hospital in Mexicali, Mexico the cardiac team strongly recommends prevention over surgery. Basic health habits, like a good diet, avoiding processed food, quitting smoking and regular exercise can greatly reduce the risk of developing cardiac conditions.

However, when interventional cardiac surgery is needed, the cardiac team at Almater Hospital is ready to receive you with the most modern equipment and highly trained cardiologists. Their skilled surgical team saves lives every day. While quality cardiac care exists in the U.S, the high costs often bankrupt average income families. At Almater Hospital, world class cardiac care is often 50% to 80% less than the same procedures in the U.S. So, the cardiac team at Almater Hospital not only saves lives…but saves families too. If you or someone you love needs cardiac surgery, please call Almater Hospital and consult with their outstanding cardiology staff.

Monica Rix Paxson is an award-winning author writing on topics related to science and medicine including the book The English Speaker´s Guide to Medical Care in Mexico. She has appeared on CNN, Good Morning America, CBS This Morning and the BBC.

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